Contact Us for a Free Consultation (720) 441-3328

Invasion of Privacy: Unreasonable Intrusion upon Seclusion Lawyers in Colorado

What exactly is Intrusion upon Seclusion?

The first type of invasion of privacy—Unreasonable intrusion upon Seclusion—is the most commonly asserted cause of action out of the three. Invasion of privacy by intrusion does not require physical intrusion, publicity, or general communication to the public.[1] Rather, this cause of action concerns interference with the plaintiff's solitude, seclusion, or private affairs and concerns.[2] The intrusion must be intentional, rather than merely reckless conduct.[3]

What are some examples of Intrusion upon Seclusion?

Common examples of this form of invasion include:

  • Where plaintiff is subjected to unwanted sexual advances and contact by his/her employer;[4]
  • The testing of bodily fluids without proper consent;[5]
  • An unauthorized entry to the plaintiff's premises;
  • Electronic eavesdropping;
  • Unauthorized opening of the plaintiff's mail; or
  • Repeated hounding and harassment.[6]

How do I prove a claim for Unreasonable Intrusion upon Seclusion?

In order to recover for unreasonable intrusion upon seclusion, a plaintiff must prove all of the following elements by a preponderance of the evidence:

  1. The defendant intentionally invaded the plaintiff's privacy by [doing something];
  2. The invasion would be very offensive to a reasonable person;
  3. The plaintiff had injuries/damages/losses; and
  4. The invasion was a cause of the plaintiff's injuries/damages/losses.[7]

In order to determine whether an invasion is very offensive to a reasonable person, all of the evidence will be taken into consideration, including the degree of invasion, the circumstances surrounding the intrusion and the manner in which it occurred, the defendant's motives and objectives, the setting in which the intrusion occurs, and the plaintiff's expectations of privacy in that setting.[8]

Notably, there is no liability for examining public records or other information that is properly available for public inspection, or for observing or photographing a person in a public place.[9]

Where the alleged intrusion is an entry onto private property, a plaintiff must demonstrate a “possessory or proprietary” interest in the property.[10] Observation and photographs of a plaintiff's premises from a vantage point outside the perimeter of the property is not an intrusion, and neither is the use of lenses to enhance the view of what is readily visible.[11]


Invasion of privacy: Unreasonable Intrusion upon Seclusion is a common, yet nuanced and complex, cause of action in Colorado. At Volpe Law, our attorneys are ready to help you with your potential claim/defense: give us a call at 720-441-3328 or complete a consultation request form for more information on how we can help!

[1] CJI § 28:1, Source and Authority ¶ 4 (citing Restatement (Second) of Torts § 652B cmt. a).

[2] CJI § 28:1, Source and Authority ¶ 4 (citing Restatement (Second) of Torts § 652B cmt. b).

[3] Fire Ins. Exch. v. Sullivan, 224 P.3d 348 (Colo. App. 2009).

[4] Pearson v. Kancilia, 70 P.3d 593 (Colo. App. 2003).

[5] Doe v. High-Tech Inst. Inc., 972 P.2d 1060 (Colo. App. 1998).

[6] CJI § 28:1, Source and Authority ¶ 4 (citing Restatement (Second) of Torts § 652B cmt. b).

[7] CJI § 28:1.

[8] CJI § 28:2.

[9] Restatement (Second) of Torts § 652B cmt. c.

[10] Sundheim v. Bd. of Cty. Comm'rs, 904 P.2d 1337, 1351 (Colo. App. 1995).

[11] Id.


The information contained on this website is provided for informational purposes only. It is not legal advice and should not be construed as providing legal advice on any subject matter. Laws frequently change and therefore this content is not necessarily up to date, nor comprehensive. Contact us or another attorney with any legal questions specific to your matter. You may request a consultation by completing our consultation request form.

Contact Us Today

Volpe Law is committed to answering your questions about Civil Litigation, Real Estate, Construction, Business Litigation, Breach of Contract, Tort Litigation, Mechanics' Liens, and Contract Review & Drafting in Colorado.

We offer a Free Consultation and we'll gladly discuss your case with you at your convenience. Contact us today to request an appointment with one of our attorneys.